The Bernstein Consortium - The Memory of Papers. Image Based Paper Expertise and History
manuscript, watermark, fourier transform, integrated circuits

main result

Bernstein portal (www.memoryofpaper.eu) with 21 watermark databases and more than 205,000 watermarks (November 2014)

releases

> Bernstein book (Spanish, 165 pages), 2011
> Bernstein portal, March 2009 with 4 databases
> Bernstein book (English, German, 128 pages), 2009
> Final Project Report, March 2009
> Fifth half year progress report, September 2008 - February 2009

> Final Meeting, and Bernstein Symposium Vienna, February 2009
> Second Annual Meeting, Stuttgart, July 2008
100th anniversary of the publication of Briquet's main work: Les Filigranes. Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leurs apparition vers jusqu'en 1600. Paris etc. 1907.

events

Exhibition catalog cover > Exhibitions 2009-2014: Bergisch-Gladbach (2009), Vercelli (2011), Varallo (2012), Horn (2012), Baden bei Wien (2013), Steyrermühl (2014)

> Exhibition: "La testa di bue e sirena", April 30 - June 27, 2009, Biblioteca Nazionale, Torino, Italy [Catalog]
> Exhibition: "Una firma nell'acqua. La memoria della carta e delle filigrane dal Medioevo all'eta moderna", October 28 - December 31, 2008, Castello Sforzesco, Sala del Tesoro della Trivulziana, Milano, Italy [Catalog]
> Exhibition: "La testa di bue e la sirena. La memoria della carta e delle filigrane dal medioevo al seicento", September 8-October 10, 2007, Istituto centrale di patologia del libro, Rome, Italy [Catalog]

products

Here are all the documents (contracts, deliverables, reports) and further project information:
> Project development site (TWiki)

> Databases

NIKI's International Database of Watermarks and Paper used for Prints and Drawings (c. 1450-1800)
Piccard-Online (mainly archive documents 14th-16th c.)
WIES - Watermarks in Incunabula printed in España
WILC - Watermarks in Incunabula printed in the Low Countries
WZMA - Watermarks of the Middle-Ages (Austrian, 14th-15th c.)

> Cartography

Georeferences datasets & tools

> Image processing

AD751 for laid lines density measurement
Rembrandt matching papers by sieve structure

> Paper

Known paper databases
Digitization costs

> Collaborations (selection)

Europeana, Europe's digital library, museum & archive
International Paper Historians Association
Briquet Digital Archive
Consortium of European Research Libraires
Archiv der Erzdiözese Salzburg, Austria
Institut Valenciŕ de Conservació i Restauració de Béns Culturals, Spain
Museo del Tesoro del Duomo, Vercelli, Italy
State Historical Museum of Russia, Moscow, Russia

The Bernstein Consortium produces a digital infrastructure for the expertise and history of paper based on images visualizing the paper's structure. The individual ressources are databases of watermarks and other anotated features, image measurement software, contextual resources for cartography and bibliography, and an integrated workspace. Additionnaly the Consortium organizes tutorials and an exhibition on paper studies.

EU flagThe Bernstein project is co-funded by the European Commission, eContentplus program, from September 2006 to February 2009.

partners

The Consortium consists from the following partners:
> Austrian Academy of Sciences (VISKOM, KSBM), Vienna, Austria [ coordinator ]
> Archives of the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart, Germany
> Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
> National Center for Scientific Research / University Paris 1, Paris, France
> German National Library, Leipzig, Germany
> Dutch University Institute for Art History Florence, Florence, Italy
> Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
> Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, Netherlands
> University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

faq

Read a short presentation of the project, distribute to interested parties a color folder (English, German, Italian) or download the poster (English, German, Italian).

Project folder

It is possible to take a look at our ongoing activities and to participate: enter the TWiki development site.

identity

Wonder why we're called "Bernstein"? Find out about our name and visual identity here.

contact

Emanuel Wenger - Project coordinator
The Bernstein Consortium, Institute for Medieval Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences
Wohllebengasse 12-14, A-1040 Vienna, Austria
Tel. +43 1 515 81 7264
http://www.memoryofpaper.eu
http://www.bernstein.oeaw.ac.at/twiki/

Last change: 2014.11.24