The Bernstein Consortium - The Memory of Papers. Image Based Paper Expertise and History
manuscript, watermark, fourier transform, integrated circuits

latest releases

> Bernstein portal, March 2009
> Bernstein book (English, German)
> Final Project Report, March 2009
> Fifth half year progress report, September 2008 - February 2009

> Final Meeting, and Bernstein Symposium Vienna, February 2009
> Second Annual Meeting, Stuttgart, July 2008
100th anniversary of the publication of Briquet's main work: Les Filigranes. Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leurs apparition vers jusqu'en 1600. Paris etc. 1907.


Exhibition catalog cover > Exhibition: "La testa di bue e sirena", April 30 - June 27, 2009, Biblioteca Nazionale, Torino, Italy [Catalog]
> Exhibition: "Una firma nell'acqua. La memoria della carta e delle filigrane dal Medioevo all'eta moderna", October 28 - December 31, 2008, Castello Sforzesco, Sala del Tesoro della Trivulziana, Milano, Italy [Catalog]
> Exhibition: "La testa di bue e la sirena. La memoria della carta e delle filigrane dal medioevo al seicento", September 8-October 10, 2007, Istituto centrale di patologia del libro, Rome, Italy [Catalog]


Here are all the documents (contracts, deliverables, reports) and further project information:
> Project development site (TWiki)

> Databases

NIKI's International Database of Watermarks and Paper used for Prints and Drawings (c. 1450-1800)
Piccard-Online (mainly archive documents 14th-16th c.)
WIES - Watermarks in Incunabula printed in España
WILC - Watermarks in Incunabula printed in the Low Countries
WZMA - Watermarks of the Middle-Ages (Austrian, 14th-15th c.)

> Cartography

Georeferences datasets & tools

> Image processing

AD751 for laid lines density measurement
Rembrandt matching papers by sieve structure

> Contextual ressources

IBPH International Bibliography of Paper History (about)

> Papers

Known paper databases
Digitization costs

> Collaborations

Europeana, Europe's digital library, museum & archive
International Paper Historians Association
Briquet Digital Archive
Consortium of European Research Libraires

The Bernstein Consortium produces a digital infrastructure for the expertise and history of paper based on images visualizing the paper's structure. The individual ressources are databases of watermarks and other anotated features, image measurement software, contextual resources for cartography and bibliography, and an integrated workspace. Additionnaly the Consortium organizes tutorials and an exhibition on paper studies.

EU flagThe Bernstein project is co-funded by the European Commission, eContentplus program, from September 2006 to February 2009.


The Consortium consists from the following partners:
> Austrian Academy of Sciences (VISKOM, KSBM), Vienna, Austria [ coordinator ]
> Archives of the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart, Germany
> Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
> National Center for Scientific Research / University Paris 1, Paris, France
> German National Library, Leipzig, Germany
> Dutch University Institute for Art History Florence, Florence, Italy
> Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
> Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, Netherlands
> University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom


Read a short presentation of the project, distribute to interested parties a color folder (English, German, Italian) or download the poster (English, German, Italian).

Project folder

It is possible to take a look at our ongoing activities and to participate: enter the TWiki development site.


Wonder why we're called "Bernstein"? Find out about our name and visual identity here.


Emanuel Wenger - Project coordinator
The Bernstein Consortium, Commission for Scientific Visualization (VISKOM), Austrian Academy of Sciences
Tech Gate Vienna, Donau-City Str. 1, A-1220 Vienna, Austria
Tel. +43 1 515 81 6702
Fax: +43 1 205 011 8900

Last change: 2009.07.29